Wednesday, 11 October 2017

Most Beautiful Waterfalls Across the Globe


Waterfalls are gems of Mother Nature. Their natural beauty really takes your breath away. The human being likes to see natural falls, as every year thousands of sight seekers pay visit to unique waterfalls in the world. Waterfalls are absolutely the natural wonders on Earth, might be a breathtaking experience, since they overwhelm with the stunning sight, as well as a splitting voice. If you’re thrill seeker and want to see highest, prettiest, biggest waterfalls, so here we jotting down list of some gorgeous, strangest, weirdest and unique waterfalls of the world.

1. Victoria Falls in Zimbabve

The Victoria Falls is most popular waterfall, located on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. The water of Zambezi River falls down in a straight line for 354 ft. The waterfall is 5,604 wide, therefore water spray raises very high and can be spotted from many kilometers away. This is most beautiful waterfall in the world. Victoria Falls "The Smoke that Thunders") has been described by CNN as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Each year, more than two million people visiting the falls annually. A famous feature is the naturally formed "Armchair" sometimes called "Devil's Pool", near the edge of the falls on Livingstone Island on the Zambian side.


2. Iguazu Falls in Argentina/Brazil


The amazing Iguazu Falls can found on the border of Brazil and Argentina. Though, Iguazu fall is not very high, jut 285 ft, but very impressive natural scenery: it has 275 cascades that form a horseshoe and stretch for 8858ft. This is largest waterfalls system in the world; divide the river into upper and lower Iguazu. The river flows through Brazil; however, most of the falls are on the Argentine side. Its confluence with the San Antonio River, the Iguazu River forms the boundary between north American countries. The Iguazu Falls experience a humid subtropical climate with abundant precipitation and high temperatures year-round.

3. Angel Falls in Venezuela



Angel Falls is the highest in the world, which falls down uninterrupted for 3,212 ft. You can visit it in Canaima National Park, which is protected by UNESCO. It is named after its discoverer US aviator Jimmie Angel. Every year thousands of visitors entice to see this majestic gift of nature. Angel Falls drops over the edge of the Auyán-tepui Mountain in the Canaima National Park and a UNESCO World Heritage site in the Gran Sabana region of Bolívar State. The falls are along a fork of the Rio Kerepacupai Meru which flows into the Churun River, a tributary of the Carrao River, itself a tributary of the Orinoco River.


4. Kaieteur Falls in Guyana


Kaieteur Falls is found in Guyana, is the world's largest single drop waterfall by the volume of water flowing over it. This water falls is 741 ft height, and then it reaches the first of the many steep cascades. It attracts many tourists, who like extreme trips, since the fall is in the middle of a wilderness with no urban amenities. Kaieteur Falls is among the most powerful waterfalls in the world with an average flow rate of 663 cubic metres per second. The geologists Charles Barrington Brown and his partner James Sawkins discovered Kaieteur Falls in 1870 during their mapping and preparation of separate expeditions.


5. Niagara Falls in USA/Canada


Niagara Falls is perhaps the most famous in the world. It marks United States and Canada border. Niagara is formed of two sections the Horseshoe falls on the Canadian side and the American Falls on the American side that are separated by an island. The Horseshoe Falls are more impressive: water here drops 173 ft (53 m), while the American Falls drop only 70–100 ft. Here you can experience a natural wonder of the world, explore acres of pristine hiking trails and scenic terrain, immerse yourself in outdoor adventure and taste the simple goodness of orchards and award-winning wineries.


6. Gullfoss (Golden Falls) in Iceland



Gullfoss is a superb waterfall located in southwest Iceland. It is not particularly high two 36 ft and 68 ft plunges, but you cannot negate the beauty of this true fall. In fact it lures everyone due to a crevice, the river Hvítá seems to disappear into the abyss. Gullfoss means “Golden Falls”, was named because the high sediment content of glacial water makes it glow gold in the sunlight as it roars over the cataract.  


7. Plitvice Falls in Croatia


Plitvice Falls are found in Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia. They are not very high falls, but are spectacular due to the numerous cascades water has to overcome. There are hundreds of waterfalls. The color of water varies from from crystal clear to azure, to turquoise. It is one of the oldest national parks in Southeast Europe and the largest national park in Croatia. In 1979, Plitvice Lakes National Park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage register. Each year, more than 1 million visitors are recorded to see this wonder of world.


8. Yosemite Falls in USA


Yosemite Falls is the highest waterfall in North America. It drops 2,425 ft in the Sierra Nevada, California. The source of water is melting snow, therefore sometimes the stream may cease due to a little amount of snow. Its major attraction is the park, especially in late spring when the water flow is at its peak. The waterfall is popularized and attracted tourists from across the country that the historical significance of the falls was such that it could very well have sparked the chain of events that ultimately led to the conservation movement and the eventual protection of lands that would eventually be known as National Parks.


9. Sutherland Falls in New Zealand


Sutherland Falls is a waterfall near Milford Sound in New Zealand's South Island. Sutherland Falls is 1902 ft plunge it is one of the tallest waterfalls in the world. It falls in three cascades that create this unique landscape. Sutherland Falls was first discovered by a Scottish settler, Donald Sutherland, in the late 19th century (1880). Hence it was named after its discoverer Donald Sutherland. Its most beautiful angle is taken from above on a helicopter flight, when someone cane observe the beauty of lake behind the waterfall framed with snow-capped mountains in the cold seasons.


10. Bigar Waterfall, Romania


A waterfall that looks like has been ripped out of a fairy tale! Water falls from a mushroom-shaped cliff that is completely covered with moss! As the water falls off the cliff, it appears as if it’s glowing! This is certainly one of the most unique waterfalls of the world! Moss and stone turn this waterfall into an otherworldly liquid veil. In Caras-Severin County in the western part of Romania, the astonishing Bigar Waterfall is so lovely it is even called “the miracle from the Minis Canyon” by the locals.


11. Seljalandsfoss Waterfall Iceland


 

The stunning Seljalandsfoss is a waterfall is located in the South Region in Iceland. The waterfall drops 197 ft and is part of the Seljalands River that has its origin in the volcano glacier Eyjafjallajökull. Seljalandsfoss is among the most famous and most accessible waterfalls in Iceland. The falls plunge over a sheer undercut cliff, dropping some 200 feet into a small pool. However, the falls leap over a deeply undercut cliff, which allows a trail to pass behind the falls, providing a less conventional view for those who wish to be a bit more adventurous. Because of the presence of the undercut, the falls can be blown around in the wind - violently at times even.


12. Pu'uka'oku Falls

Pu'uka'oku Falls is a waterfall in Molokai, Hawaii. It is the 8th largest waterfall in the world. Pu'uka'oku Falls, according to the estimates from topographical maps are approximately 840 metres tall. Water here is not falling in a free fall - for most part it slides down along the nearly vertical basalt cliff. Waterfall is thin and deeply etched in unaccessible cliff. Due to this it is rarely seen and photographed.




13: Nohkalikai Falls in India
Nohkalikai Falls is found in India. Water falls down for 1100 ft. Although the feeding stream is only 1,5 mi long, Nohkalikai is still very impressive. A pool is formed below the fall, in which water receives green color. The waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on Earth. Nohkalikai Falls are fed by the rainwater collected on the summit of comparatively small plateau and decrease in power during the dry season in December - February.

Tuesday, 1 August 2017

Rainbow Eucalyptus, The Most Amazing Tree on Planet Earth


Eucalyptus deglupta is a tall tree, also famous as the rainbow eucalyptus, Mindanao gum, or rainbow gum. The most colorful tree on earth is found in an area that spans New Britain, New Guinea, Seram, Sulawesi and Mindanao, and is the only Eucalyptus species with a natural range that extends into the northern hemisphere. It thrives in tropical forests that get a lot of rain. This painted forest, Secret Marvels of the World says, is simply astonishing. The trees’ amazing hues come about thanks to sections of bark shedding at different times during the year. These trees may look like they have been painted on, but these colors are all natural. This unusual multi-colored streaks on its trunk comes from patches of outer bark that are shed annually at different times, showing the bright-green inner bark. This then darkens and matures to give blue, purple, orange and then maroon tones. Eucalyptus deglupta is the only Eucalyptus species found naturally in the Northern Hemisphere. Now, this tree is cultivated widely around the world, mainly for pulpwood used in making paper, and also for ornamental purposes.

Moreover beside of climate, rainbow eucalyptus growing conditions include full sun and moist soil. Once established, the tree grows three feet per season without supplemental fertilizer, though it needs regular watering when rainfall is inadequate. Therefore, the most prominent feature of a rainbow eucalyptus tree is its bark. The peeling process results in vertical streaks of red, orange, green, blue and gray. Though the tree’s color isn’t as intense outside its native range, rainbow eucalyptus bark color makes it one of the most astonishingly colorful trees you can grow. Rainbow eucalyptus is an enormous tree that is out of scale for most home landscapes. Moreover, make sure it can cause property damage as its raised roots break up sidewalks, damage foundations and raise small structures, such as sheds. The tree is better suited to open areas, like parks and fields, where it provides brilliant shade as well as fragrance and beauty.Source: Charismatic Planet












Wednesday, 14 June 2017

The Grass Tree


The grass tree is also known as “Xanthorrhoea glauca”, is a large plant in the genus Xanthorrhoea mainly widespread in eastern Australia. The tree has many branches and its trunk can grow in excess of 5 metres tall. The grass tree is sporadically seen in large communities in woodland on steep edges and sides of gorges, mainly in shallow rich basaltic soils and, at some sites in serpentine soils or sandstone. The grass tree is a slow growing plant, carefree and durable admired for its spherical form and fine texture and makes it a perfect garden specimen.  The leaves are a grey or bluish glaucous green. The grass tree has two sub-species, which are recognized; subspecies angustifolia and glauca. The grass trees are highly fire-resistant and are among the first to resprout after wildfire as the living growth is buried within the old dead leaf bases. Many insects automatically attract due to its nectar rich flowers, and overlap of characters between the subspecies where their distribution abut.

Moreover, this plant has an exclusive structure, with a true stem of fibrous conducting tissue supported by a sheath of tightly packed old leaf bases glued by a reddish crystalline resin. Tall, rod-like flower spikes grow above the foliage then plentiful miniature; white flowers emerge from densely packed, brown bracts. Its trunk with age and won't be passed over by anyone with an appreciation for sculptural plants. The flower spikes habitually consume much of the plant energy store and may not recur for many years. This rare and iconic plant has been a part of Aboriginal history, colonial artworks and a recent day inspiration to landscape architects. This plant is highly tolerant of drought and heat, thrives in well drained, aerated soils that have a low nutrient content, making it an easy plant to include in any garden. This plant is rarely seen in cultivation due to its slow growth rate, naturally grow one to two centimeters a year, though it has been suggested that growth rates are greatly increased when grown by seed. The all Xanthorrhoea species are having sensitive roots, and in order to shrink the chance of death a sunny position should be selected and the soil should be well aerated for best results.  Source: Charismatic Planet






Tuesday, 16 May 2017

NASA Just Released Spectacular Photos of Jupiter

Saturn has been getting a lot of attention in recent times, what with Cassini diving inside its rings and returning some magnificent pictures. However, spare a thought for Jupiter, which is similarly captivating. NASA has currently got the Juno spacecraft in orbit around it, and it too has been sending back some spectacular snaps. NASA actually inspires members of the public to take the pictures and spruce them up a bit, with featured pictures then posted on the JunoCam website. Therefore, you can also vote on what features the spacecraft looks at next, such as the Great Red Spot. So, without further ado, let's look at some of the best recent images from Juno. Take it away, Jupiter. You’ve earned it. Source: CP
 
 
 
 


Tuesday, 9 May 2017

The Exclusive Green Moss Balls of Lake Myvatn and Lake Akan


You might be wondering what on earth a lake ball is? The species itself is called Moss Balls of Lake Myvatn and Lake Akan is a species of filamentous green algae named Aegagropila linnaei that grow into large green balls with a velvety appearance. Moss Balls is also called marimo (In Japanese for "ball seaweed"), also known by several names such as Cladophora ball and Lake ball. These beautiful Moss balls grow in sizes of 12 to 30 cm across, subject on where you find them. However, “Marimos” are rare and is known to occur only in Iceland, Scotland and Japan, primarily Lake Akan in Japan and Lake Mývatn in Iceland. Recently, moss balls appeared in a large numbers on Dee Why Beach, in Sydney, the first such spotting of this alga in the southern hemisphere. It is currently believed to be one of only two locations where it exists in the world. Around two years ago that the marimo had decreased to such an extent that there are hardly any left, the remaining balls are scattered over a rather small area and their condition is not good. “They look rather limp, not firm and beautiful as they should be and hollow inside.

 

Marimo doesn’t grow around a core, such as a pebble. In its place, the algal filaments grow in all directions from the centre of the ball, continuously branching and thereby laying the foundation for the spherical form. Surprisingly, the ball is green all through, although light only reaches very short distance into the ball. The chlorophyll inside the ball remains dormant in the dark, but becomes active when uncovered to light if the ball breaks apart. Moreover, moss balls are found submerged in the lake’s bed where the mild wave action often turns them over maintaining its spherical shape, at the same time ensuring that they can photosynthesize no matter which side is turned upwards. In Japan the Marimo is well protected and revered, and officially a natural treasure since 1920. Hence, at Lake Akan a boundless effort is spent on the conservation of the lake balls that includes an annual 3 day Marimo festival. Where small hand rolled balls of free-floating filaments is sold in shops as souvenirs. Moreover, Marimo is also a staple in many Japanese aquariums.

 

Meanwhile in Lake Myvatn, lake balls are gradually vanishing. Around ten years ago, the lake balls in Lake Mývatn were two to three layers thick on the lake bottom. Nowadays, they’re mostly gone, and their disappearance is attributed to pollution caused by mining operation in the area that commenced in the 1960s. Therefore, the big amount of phosphorous and nitrogen dumped into the lake has radically increased the lake’s bacteria that feed on those nutrients, swarming so compactly that they blocked the sunlight that reached down to the lake’s bottom. Thus, in the less sunlight, the algae start to die off, revealing more of the lake bottom’s loose sediment. Furthermore, the wind and the waves that once rolled the balls into their shape stirred the loose sediment covering the left behind algae, further depriving them of sunlight. The Marimo was given a status of protected species in Iceland in 2006, but it was already too late. In Japan the marimo is a natural treasure while in Iceland they are a protected species.
Source: Charismatic Planet












Friday, 5 May 2017

Soviet-era Shuttles Left to Rust in an Abandoned Deseret of Kazakhstan

This must be called as “Ghosts of the USSR” as eerie photographs show Soviet-era space shuttles left to rust in an abandoned desert hangar in Kazakhstan. Two test shuttles were found inside a derelict Soviet warehouse near the Cosmodrome Baikonur, 125 miles east of the Aral Sea. The both were developed as part of Moscow's Buran programme which was shut down in 1993 - but neither of the craft was sent to space. Another vast Energia rocket was designed to propel the Buran, an unmanned space plane, into orbit. The main purpose of rocket to compete with Nasa's Saturn V, the super-lift launch vehicle that supported the Apollo mission to the moon. The Energia weighs in at a huge 2,400,000kg in spite of being made of super-light metals. The massive hangar that houses the rocket was actually an assembly complex and, measuring 433ft long by 203ft in height, it is the largest building at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
The Russian Alexander Kaunas said, he walked almost 24 miles through the desert to reach the hangar once a hub of activity but now left derelict and picture the unused shuttles and rocket. Therefore, just like Nasa's Space Shuttles, the Buran vehicles had engines located at the back, and two wings for a controlled landing back on Earth. The Russian model had conspicuous external similarities to the US Space Shuttle Columbia sparking suggestions Cold War espionage may have played a part in its development. So, the both US Space Shuttles and Buran had the same shape and size, the same vertical tail structures and even alike colors in white with a black trim. A documents of 1990s revealed, the KGB stole the designs for the US shuttle in the 1970s and 1980s enabling the Kremlin to build a carbon copy of the American system. Documents acquired dealt with airframe designs, materials, flight computer systems, and propulsion systems. This information allowed Soviet military industries to save years of scientific research and testing time as well as millions of rubles as they developed their own very similar space shuttle vehicle.'
Moreover, development of the Buran programme started in 1976, with the recyclable spacecraft capable of performing operations in orbit before returning to Earth. But after one unmanned spaceflight of the Orbiter 1K1 in 1988, the scheme was scrapped following the dissolution of the USSR in 1993. Orbiter 1K1 was crushed and destroyed in the same complex - but in a different hangar - in 2002. The collapse killed eight workers. The rocket Kaunas was to act as a heavy-lift launch system and booster for the Buran spaceplane.  Thus, it has been left abandoned in the disused hanger since 1991.