Friday, 27 November 2015

Dunlin & Sanderling

The dunlin and sanderling are small, gregarious waders often seen on our mudflats and long sandy beaches in winter.  The dunlin is one of our smallest wading birds, at a length of about 18cm (7in) or so. Moreover throughout the year it can be seen at almost any estuary, muddy beach or harbor. Inland, it is surprisingly common; sewage farms, flooded fields and the shores of reservoirs are good places to see dunlin in winter, and in summer it can be found in the moorland areas where it breads. Therefore, dunlin is easy to recognize in the summer because it has a characteristic black patch on its belly. The upperparts are a rich Rufous brown streaked and spotted with black. The breast is heavily streaked with brown. In the autumn, the dunlin moults to its winter plumage, losing both its body and wing feathers in spring, when it regains its breeding plumage, only the body feathers are moulted and replaced. The dunlin’s winter plumage is quite drab and inconspicuous, the upperparts being grey brown and the underparts a dull white. 

Dark-shouldered sanderlings, the sanderling are slightly larger than the dunlin and usually inhabit sandy estuaries and ling sandy beaches. In Britain, it is most often seen in its winter plumage, which is much more striking than that of the dunlin. Its underparts and much of its head are pure white and its back and wings are pale grey. Often, there is a dark patch on the shoulder of the wing, mostly called the wrist.  Like the dunlin, the sanderling moults its body feathers in the spring. Its summer plumage resembles that of the dunlin, except that it has a white belly. The best chance of seeing a sanderling in full breeding plumage is in spring, when many birds migrate north along our coasts, having just grown a new set of body feathers. 

Beak differences a good way to tell the difference between the dunlin and the sanderling is to look at the beak. British dunlins have downward curving beaks about 3cm (1-4/5) long, whereas the sanderling has a shorter (2.5cm/1in), straight beak. There is considerable variation in beak lengths among dunlins, the British birds in general having shorter beaks than those breeding further north. For example, Canadian dunlins have beaks averaging about 4.5cm.

The beaks of these two species are different because they have different methods of feeding. The dunlin, when feeding, walks with a purposeful air, head held low, constantly pecking at the surface of the mud and probing for tiny molluscs. The tip of its beak is particularly sensitive and allows the bird to detect, by touch food lying below the surface of the mud. The sanderling, on the other hand, feeds at the water’s edge, hurrying back and forth like a clockwork toy following each wave as it breaks and recedes. It can be seen skillfully snatching small creatures such as san hoppers from the edge of the surf. The dunlin and sanderling both in summer and winter plumages, in flight, both show a white wing-bar throughout the year; though on the sanderling it is much more prominent. In winter, flocks of dunlin can be seen flying along the coast and flashing grey or white as the bird’s man-oeuvre in unison. 

Both dunlins and sanderlings feed until high tide and then fly off to special roosting sites on shingle banks and marshes or sometimes, on grassy fields. There the birds gather in their thousands for two or three hours until the tide has retreated and they can return to feed. Both on the ground and in flight the two species form their own groups. In the winter, a large flock of dunlin’s flying to or from the feeding and roosting areas can be a marvelous spectacle. Each bird in the flock flies in precise formation only a few inches from its neighbor, and with each change of direction the color of the flock changes. First you see the bird’s dark upperparts then as they swerve to one side, the dark changes to the white of their underparts.
Migration routes are normally seen in Britain, and all sanderlings are winter visitors or passing migrants. Migrating sanderlings arrive in the British Isles each July and August from their breeding grounds in Greenland and Siberia. Some spend the winter here and the remainders fly on South to France, the Iberian Peninsula and Africa. 

In May, our wintering sanderlings return to their summer grounds, joined by migrants passing through Britain from further south. Britain is one of the few countries in the world with both breeding and wintering dunlins, so their passage throu\gh Britain is not as distinct as sanderling migrations. Nevertheless, dunlins breeding in Greenland, Iceland the Netherlands and around the  Baltic Sea all migrate through Britain on their way to or from their wintering areas in southern Europe and North Africa. Dunlins breeding here also fly south for the winter, but this loss is more than compensated for by the arrival in Britain for the winter of large numbers of dunlin from Scandinavia and Russia. As hard weather sets in further north, so more and more dunlin arrives on our coasts; their numbers usually reach a maximum in January. In spring our wintering dunlins return to their breeding grounds, to be replaced by our own breeding population. Most of our breeding dunlins settle in Scotland and Northern England, but a few nests in Wales and Ireland and there are even some on Dartmoor the most southerly breeding dunlins in the world. 

Moreover, the breeding season for dunlins usually starts in April or May. A typical site is a damp, peaty, upland moor, though some nest beside lakes and others in salt marshes. The nest is a tiny hollow, hidden among heather or a grassy tussock to provide shelter. The female lays four eggs the typical number for a wader at the rate of one every day or two. Both parents help to incubate the eggs until they hatch after about three weeks. Dunlin chicks are superbly well camouflaged with yellow, butt, black and white down. When danger threatens they lie down and become almost invisible. They feed mainly on midges and crane fly larvae, which are plentiful at the time of year. The chicks grow quickly and can fly after about 25 days, when they leave for the coastal feeding sites. 

Occasionally, dunlins manage to raise two broods in a season, but this is rare. The sanderling on the other hand, normally succeeds with two broods by laying one clutch of eggs in a first nest, followed immediately by another clutch in a second nest. Both clutches contain four eggs; one is incubated by the female and the other by the male. Sanderling chicks have the same camouflaged down as dunlin chicks and they fledge in much the same length of time. Soon after, they begin their long migration south. Some of the birds still have their winter plumage but most have moulted ready for the breeding season. Soon they will be migrating to their breeding grounds far to the north.  

Thursday, 26 November 2015

Parrots are close to 372 different bird species in 86 genera

Parrots are close to 372 different bird species in 86 genera that make up the order Tvtysananaz Frvrdh Nvarvargan often in tropical lands and their Nymhgrmsyrzndgy Tvtysanan order of the top three family that includes Tvtyayan (true parrots), cockatoo (parrots cockatoo), and Kakapvyan (New Zealand parrots) is. The greatest diversity of parrots in South America and strategy. Parrots are a variety of different colors and tail feathers and head feathers are separated. Tvtysanan colored wings and beak is curved and distorted, some short and some long tail and forelock and tail. Fruits and seeds are usually very strong beak to break flakes that are hard to do. Most of these birds are not sexual dimorphism and both texture to a shape. 
The color green is the color most parrots combined with other bright colors. Sometimes parrots of several different colors. Parrots, along with ravens, crows, and set the highest intelligence of birds. This bird has the ability to mimic sounds and without comprehension, word pronunciation, but sometimes it is seen that parrot the view the scene or person or the behavior of others uses the right words to fit.

Roratus, native to the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea

Roratus, native to the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea and surrounding islands, Australia and the Maluku Islands. It's unusual bird plumage male and female emerald green, mainly on its bright red and purple and blue. If pesticides and pest Shkjmyt not without many
of the parrots remain, and sometimes pests for eating the fruit of the tree caused the death of this case is unique. In some countries (Guinea) and family limited to relatively small islands of light fill your bird also used as decoration.

Sunday, 15 November 2015

Wow, Emirates Unveils New Airbus A380 With a Record 615 Seats.

Emirates has introduced a new A380, which has two classes “business” and “economy” while the third first class has been scrapped the spacious first class cabin and trimming 18 flat-bed seats from business class. Therefore, economy class is getting even bigger after Emirates reconfigured its new Airbus A380-800 planes to hold the most seats ever for an airliner. The Dubai-based luxury carrier has added 3 rows and 130 seats in economy. Already the world’s largest passenger plane, the new two-class A380 will hold a staggering 615 passengers in business and economy but travellers in so-called cattle class will not lose any legroom inside Emirates overhauled cabin. The luxury Gulf carrier has unveiled at the Dubai Airshow has two-class 557 seats in economy and 58 seats and a lounge in business carrying adequate passengers to rival the population of a small village. The company is targeting to meet the future needs, as Emirates' economy cabin was voted one of the best in the world, and features some of the largest in-flight screens. The world largest passenger plane will carry around 100 more passengers than the existing setup seating 489 or 517 passengers. However, Emirate Airline economy is best in the world be spacious and comfortable, the onboard passengers can pass their time by watching movies, TV shows, on one of the widest entertainment screens at 13.3 in.

The seat pitch (the space between the back of one seat and the back of the seat behind it) will remain 32-34in and the width will be slightly smaller at 17.5in, half an inch less than Emirates' three-class A380s, which have fewer economy seats. Moreover, if an airline could scrap first and business classes, then they can convert an entire A380-800 into an economy-class only configuration, it could hold 853 passengers. Hence, Emirates' economy cabin is among the best in the industry, taking seventh place in this year's Skytrax World Airline Awards. One of its biggest perks is an in-flight entertainment system that has been named the world's best for a record 11 consecutive years. It has more than 500 films on offer, and it displays incredible scenes from on-board cameras that show the pilots' view or the ground below. Well, the massive four-engine plane will be used on Emirates’ Dubai-Copenhagen route when it enters commercial service on 1 December. The average flight time between Dubai and Copenhagen is about 7 hours and a one-way economy class ticket costs about £350 ($540).

Friday, 13 November 2015

Brown Pelican got so many fish in it's Large throat pouch, made the throat pouch looks even larger

Pelican is characterized by a long beak and a large throat pouch used for catching prey and draining water from the scooped up contents before swallowing.

Toborochi Tree

The silk floss tree (Ceiba speciosa, formerly Chorisia speciosa), is a species of deciduous tree native to the tropical and subtropical forests of South America. It has a host of local common names, such as palo borracho (in Spanish literally "drunken stick"). It belongs to the same family as the baobaband the kapok. Another tree of the same genus,Ceiba chodatii, is often referred to by the same common names.

Monday, 2 November 2015

The beauty of the Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia,

The beauty of the Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia, increased in the second round of the New Seven Wonders of Nature. Waterfalls of Plitvice, Croatia National Park. It is one of the 20 most beautiful lakes in the world for the post 17. The park covers an area of ​33,000hectares and includes 16 lakes in succession, connected by waterfalls.Plitvice is the oldest national park in Southeast Europa. The park also many caves of which only a small part is agibile.I lakes are formed by two rivers: the White River and the Black River, which flow into the river Korana. The waters of these rivers are rich in calcareous salts(mainly calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate) dissolution of carbonate rocks that form the geological structure of sito.Questi salts precipitated by vegetation, forming layers of travertine, one sedimentary rock recently.

Taj Mahal is Seven Wonders of World

Taj Mahal, in fact true seven wonders of world. A symbol of True Love Story of Muslim History. Taj Mahal not a piece of Architecture as another building are but the Proud Passion of an Emperor's " Love wrought in living Stones "

Conrad Algarve, Portugal

The Conrad opened in October 2012 and is the rising star of luxury leisure hotels, not just in the Algarve, but the whole of Portugal. The hotel has everything you could desire in a luxury resort, a sumptuous spa, exciting bar and restaurant outlets, a cool lobby, eye catching architectural designs and spacious and state of the art bedrooms. Located in the heart of the best golf region, Quinta do Lago and Vale do Lobo are just minutes away. The hotel has underground parking, verdant sub tropical gardens, a stunning outlook across the wild Algarve countryside and an excellent terraced pool area, it is trendy, chic and contemporary, in a nutshell it is the best newcomer to the 5 star luxury market in Portugal, setting new standards of true excellence. During the summer months from May to September there is also a courtesy shuttle taking clients down to the Beach Club.

Set on the Quinta do Lago estate, just 25 minutes from Faro airport and only 5 to 7 minutes from 5 of the most exhilarating courses in Southern Europe, Quinta do Lago North, South and Laranjal plus the superb Vale do Lobo Ocean and Royal courses.